Hyderabad Cleft Society - facial defects

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Oral-facial-digital syndrome - Genetics Home Reference - NIH facial defects


Craniofacial is a medical term that relates to the bones of the skull and face. Craniofacial abnormalities are birth defects of the face or head. Some, like cleft lip and palate, are among the most common of all birth defects.Others are very rare.

What are Face Defects / Deformities? Face Defects / Deformities, also known as Facial Defects / Deformities are deformities in the growth of the skull and facial bones.These are congenital deformities (present at birth) and can be corrected by reconstructive surgery.

Table 1: Computed tomography grading of rectus sheath haematoma (5) Type Description I The haematoma is intramuscular, unilateral and does not dissect along the fascial planes II The haematoma can be unilateral or bilateral, with blood between the muscle and the transversalis fascia III Blood is seen to track along the fascial lines, into the peritoneum and the prevesical space.

Craniofacial defects such as cleft lip and cleft palate are among the most common of all birth defects. They can be isolated or one component of an inherited disease or syndrome. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to oral clefts.